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Last Update 11/12/2019

Stainless Steel vs Carbon Steel


Many beginners, and experienced bonsai practitioners as well, are often in a dilemma when it comes time to decide between carbon steel (black) tools or the usually more expensive shiny stainless steel tools.

American Bonsai Styles


Styling in bonsai refers to the 'form' of the work, such as Cascade, Slanting, Formal or Informal Upright.

It can also be used to describe the particular type of representation.

How To Reduce The Size of Leaves

Reducing the size of leaves and the distance between them (the internodes) is the primary focus of the final training of bonsai. This comes after years of developing the trunk, the nebari, and the branches. I have been studying this phenomenon...